Physical Education in Various Countries

In France, physical education  has been a compulsory subject since 1880 and 1882 in primary school and 1925 in secondary school. Every week the pupils are taught 3 hours of PE in primary school (Ecole Maternelle et Primaire), 4 hours in the first from of secondary school, than 3 hours in the second, third and fourth form (college) and then 2 hours per week in the 5th, 6th, and 7th, form (Lycee).


In Australia, physical education was first made a  compulsory part of the curriculum in Victorian Government primary and secondary schools in 1981. The policy was outlined in a Ministerial Statement to the Victorian Legislative Assembly by the Minister of Educational Services, the Honourable Norman Lacy MP on 17 September.


In South Korea, it is mandatory for pupils to take a total of 3 hours of physical education through primary and secondary schools. South Korean educational institutions are criticized for neglecting physical education with an over-emphasis of classroom-based education.


In Portugal, pupils from primary school could optionally join physical education as an extra-curricular activity. From middle school to secondary school , pupils must participate in physical education classes 2 hours per week.


In Malaysia, pupils from primary schools to secondary schools are expected to do 2 periods or 1 hour physical education throughout the year except a week before examination. In most secondary schools, games like badminton, sepak takraw, football, basketball, and tennis are available. Pupils are allowed to bring their own sports equipment to the school with the authorization of the teacher. In most secondary schools, physical exams are rarely done, but schools record pupil’s height, weight, and number of push-ups they can do.


In Scotland, pupils are expected to do at least two periods of physical education in first, second, third, and fourth year. In fifth and sixth year, physical education is voluntary.

In Ireland, physical education is mandatory for all years. Unless, the school gives the option for student to do the Leaving Certificate Vocational Programme instead for fifth and sixth year.


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